Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects people of all ages. It is characterized by having more than one seizure. Seizures are caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. If you are having a seizure, it is important to seek medical help right away. In this blog post, we will discuss what epilepsy is, the symptoms of a seizure, and the causes of epilepsy.
What Is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that can be genetic or idiopathic. Epilepsy is genetic if it is passed down from family members. Epilepsy is considered to be genetic in 30-40% of cases. Idiopathic epilepsy is when the cause is unknown.
Epilepsy can be caused by a genetic mutation, head injury, stroke, or another medical condition.
Types of Seizures
There are two types of seizures we’re going to talk broadly about today, although we’ll be breaking down seizure types more in the future. Today we’ll discuss generalized and partial seizures. Generalized seizures occur when the whole brain is affected. Partial seizures occur when only one part of the brain is affected.
Symptoms of a Seizure
The symptoms of a seizure depend on the type of seizure. Generalized seizures can cause loss of consciousness, enuresis(loss of bladder control), convulsions, muscle rigidity, and vomiting. Partial seizures can cause odd sensations, muscle twitching, and changes in behavior.
Both types of seizures are usually, but not always followed by a post-ictal state in which the person with epilepsy will ask the same questions over and over, feel exhaustion, and may experience another seizure.
They are not likely to remember that they had a seizure at all.
What Can You Do?
If you think you or someone you know may be having a seizure, it is important to stay calm and call 911. Seizures can be frightening, but they are not usually life-threatening.
It is always important to turn someone on their side and move any objects with sharp edges out of the way. Do not put anything in their mouth.
When you’ve recovered, it is a good idea to see your doctor. You may be referred to a neurologist or an epileptologist, who can perform further diagnostic tests.